زهير عبد العظيم نصار ( مدرس )
كلية التخطيط العمراني - التخطيط الحضري
[email protected]
(استخدام النهج الباراماترية في دراسة و تحليل تصميم المساجد المستقبلية ) Using a Parametric Based Approach to Support and Analyse Future Mosque Design
بحث النوع:
هندسة التخصص العام:
م.زهير نصار اسم الناشر:
اسماء المساعدين:
جامعة سالفورد- مانشستر- المملكة المتحدة University of Salford - Manchester- UK الجهة الناشرة:
رسالة ماجستير MSc Dissertation  
2012 سنة النشر:


Abstract This study endeavours to investigate the design of contemporary mosques in the digital era by a parametric design approach, utilizing a range of digital tools. In order to identify the design criteria for the mosque, different data collection strategies were adopted: individual interviews, a literature review, and case studies were all used in this research. The collected data was analysed and categorised from hard to soft constraints. This classification assisted in the development of a graph of constraints, used in building a 3D parametric model. Based on the predefined constraints graph, a 3D parametric model is then built in four phases. While there are some mutual design criteria and design constraints, (i.e. the Qibla direction, etc.) each phase attempts to explore some individual parameters and variations. Phase one focuses on the Qibla direction using simple shapes and parameters. Phase two, in addition to the Qibla direction, attempts to explore further design options through use of alternative Euclidian shapes. The third phase illustrates the exploration of non-Euclidian shapes –a freeform, based on 3 points B-splines. Finally, the fourth phase represents the maturity stage of the parametric model, where additional constraints and parameters are added to enrich the design process, some of them linked to the environment such as the sunlight and location. Here, environmental parameters are extracted from two real locations: Al-Najaf city in Iraq and Manchester city in the UK, in order to achieve a deep understanding about the role of these parameters on the design process and the generation of forms.