Benner
رائد محمد كاظم الموسوي ( مدرس )
كلية الطب - طب عام
[email protected]
 
 
 
Does collimation affect patient dose in antero-posterior thoraco-lumbar spine?
تحميل
بحث النوع:
علوم التخصص العام:
J.B.Robinson اسم الناشر:
Raed M. K. M.Ali Andrew K. Tootell Peter Hogg اسماء المساعدين:
Elsevier الجهة الناشرة:
Radiography  
2017 سنة النشر:

الخلاصة

Abstract Introduction The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of collimation on the lifetime attributable risk (LAR) of cancer incidence in all body organs (effective risk) in patients undergoing antero-posterior (AP) examinations of the spine. This is of particular importance for patients suffering from scoliosis as in their case regular repeat examinations are required and also because such patients are usually young and more susceptible to the effects of ionising radiation than are older patients. Methods High sensitivity thermo-luminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were used to measure radiation dose to all organs of an adult male dosimetry phantom, positioned for an AP projection of the thoraco-lumbar spine. Exposures were made, first applying tight collimation and then subsequently with loose collimation, using the same acquisition factors. In each case, the individual TLDs were measured to determine the local absorbed dose and those representing each organ averaged to calculate organ dose. This information was then used to calculate the effective risk of cancer incidence for each decade of life from 20 to 80, and to compare the likelihood of cancer incidence when using tight and loose collimation. Results The calculated figures for effective risk of cancer incidence suggest that the risk when using loose collimation compared to the use of tight collimation is over three times as high and this is the case across all age decades from 20 to 80. Conclusion Tight collimation can greatly reduce radiation dose and risk of cancer incidence. However collimation in scoliotic patients can be necessarily limited.