Benner
علي عبد الحميداوي ( أستاذ )
كلية العلوم - الفيزياء
[email protected]
07801103720
 
 
 
Annual Effective Dose of Gamma Emitters in Adults and Children for Some Types of Rice Consumed in Iraq
تحميل
بحث النوع:
علوم التخصص العام:
ALI ABID ABOJASSIM اسم الناشر:
DAHIR MOHAMMAD DAHIR, AZHAR S. ALABOODI, AND ABBAS H. ABONASRIA اسماء المساعدين:
Journal of Food Protection الجهة الناشرة:
International Association for Food Protection  
2016 سنة النشر:

الخلاصة

This work studies the activity concentration of natural radioactivity in 20 different types of rice, including imported rice and that produced locally. The rice samples were collected from markets and farms in Iraq, and then a natural radioactivity investigation was done in the environmental laboratory of the Kufa University, using gamma-ray spectrometer systems. The research focused on measuring the activity concentration of natural radioactivity (238U, 232Th, and 40K) to determine the level of the radium equivalent activity, internal hazard indices, and annual effective dose. The results show that all these parameters are within the permissible limits and that radioactivity is present in almost all foodstuffs at levels ranging from 40 to 600 Bq/kg of food. Radioactivity in foodstuffs is attributed to a natural source, potassium-40, and to artificial sources, which include industrial radioactivity, weapons testing, and accidents involving radioactivity. In this article, radionuclides have been identified for most of the common species of rice available in Iraqi markets; in addition, radium equivalent activity, internal hazard indices, and annual effective dose were calculated and compared with the permissible dose to estimate the risk of radioactive isotopes in the rice crop.