Benner
إحسان فلاح بيرم ( مدرس )
كلية الصيدلة - صيدلة عام
[email protected]
 
 
 
On the Molecular Basis Underlying the Metabolism of Tapentadol Through Sulfation.
تحميل
بحث النوع:
صيدلة التخصص العام:
Ahsan F. Bairam اسم الناشر:
Rasool MI, Kurogi K, Liu MC. اسماء المساعدين:
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. الجهة الناشرة:
Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2017 Oct;42(5):793-800.  
2017 سنة النشر:

الخلاصة

Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies reported that tapentadol-sulfate represented one of the major metabolites of tapentadol excreted in urine. The current study aimed to identify the human cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) that is(are) capable of sulfating tapentadol and to examine whether human cells and human organ specimens are capable of sulfating tapentadol. METHODS: Thirteen human SULTs, previously expressed and purified, as well as human organ cytosols, were analyzed for tapentadol-sulfating activity using an established sulfotransferase assay. Cultured HepG2 human hepatoma cells and Caco-2 human colon carcinoma cells were labeled with [35S]sulfate in the presence of different concentrations of tapentadol. RESULTS: Three of the thirteen human SULTs, SULT1A1, SULT1A3, and SULT1C4, were found to display sulfating activity toward tapentadol. Kinetic analysis revealed that SULT1A3 displayed the highest catalytic efficiency in mediating the sulfation of tapentadol, followed by SULT1A1 and SULT1C4. Using cultured HepG2 and Caco-2 cells, the generation and release of sulfated tapentadol under metabolic conditions was demonstrated. Moreover, of the four human organ specimens (kidney, liver, lung, and small intestine) tested, the cytosols prepared from small intestine and liver showed significant tapentadol-sulfating capacity (at 0.0203 and 0.0054 nmol/min/mg, respectively). CONCLUSION: Taken together, the results derived from the current study provided a molecular basis underlying the sulfation of tapentadol in humans.